When microscopic mites, Sarcoptes scabiei burrow into our skin and lay their eggs, it causes itchy bumps or blisters known as scabies. While scabies is curable with a variety of topical medications, which work to kill the mites, if not treated on time, the condition spreads easily, increasing the likelihood of complications among some people. Have a look at the various complications of scabies that can even lead you to death.
It is rightly said, if not today, it’s never!! The saying fits well when it comes to heath issues like scabies. If on-time preventions and treatments aren’t taken properly, the disease might worsen leading to several deadly complications.
By now, each one of us is well acquainted with this term – SCABIES, a highly contagious disease caused when tiny mites called Sarcoptes scabiei burrows in the top layer of our skin. Scabies today is easily curable. However, the problem occurs in its diagnosis. Since the incubation period takes time to show the symptoms and even some of the initial symptoms are somewhat like other skin diseases like psoriasis, eczema. Ringworm, etc. people find it difficult to the right treatment timely and the disease gets worsen leading to several complications.
Below are the major complications of scabies. Have a look.
Itching and Scratching
While Scabies begins as tiny bumps on the skin, continues scratching of these itchy bumps can turn them into bigger sores, which covering a larger surface area of the skin. The intense itchiness can be particularly troublesome at night, according to the Cleveland Clinic. For this reason, scabies patients are often unable to sleep and spend their nights scratching those itchy sores. The sensation of itchiness often spreads across the whole body. As a result, infected individuals may develop moodiness and fatigue due to lack of sleep. In addition, sleep deprivation may lead to issues concentrating on routine activities during the daytime, especially work related to school and office.
Norwegian (Crusted) Scabies
Very severe cases of scabies called Norwegian, or crusted scabies can take place in people whose immune systems are weak, such as those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or leukemia, and in people with physical or mental disabilities, for instance, Down syndrome, dementia, spinal cord injury or paralysis. Because of their depressed nervous systems, immune functioning and/or mental status, these people may not experience the usual itchiness associated with scabies according to the Centers for Disease control. However, they will develop crusty, scaly sores covering the skin. Millions of mites can develop on their skin that might lead to highly contagious, widespread infection over large areas of the body. Curing crusted scabies can be much more difficult as topical creams typically used to treat scabies may not successful penetrate the thickened, crusty skin.
According to the Mayo Clinic, continuous scratching of scabies can create open sores on the skin, which are susceptible to penetration by bacteria. Secondary bacterial infections caused by these sores in the skin are a known complication of scabies. Among several types of infection, one common infection caused by staphylococcus aureus or group A streptococcus bacterium is impetigo. It’s a skin condition that has red, blistering and oozing sores that ultimately crust over and turn yellowish-brown in color. While these sores are painless often and filled with fluid, they can become pus-filled, ulcerated and very painful. Further, experts say that while impetigo is usually a superficial infection, it can spread that leads to an inflammation of the kidneys known as glomerulonephritis.
Hence, to avoid all these complications, proper treatment of scabies is a must.