Often described as a flat patch of skin, actinic keratosis appears to be red and scaly. These are said to occur due to damage from the sun and are considered as a precancerous growth on the skin. In the article you will get the details about this wired skin condition. Read on.
Actinic keratosis, some people know them as sun spots, are the crusty and scaly small spot which develops on the skin. These can be as tiny as a pinhead, and are generally abrasive and dried. Let’s begin with the common signs of Actinic Keratosis.
What are the symptoms?
As far as the signs of actinic keratosis are considered, it starts as an area of increased vascularity. This further causes the skin surface to become slightly rough. Gradually, adherent yellow crust forms and when it is removed, it causes bleeding.
It is the texture which can be a key to diagnose the early lesions. While individual lesions can vary in size from 3 to 6 mm, the extent of this disease can vary from a single lesion to multiple on the entire forehead, balding scalp, and so on.
What is the treatment for actinic keratosis?
You need to know that actinic keratosis sometimes undergoes spontaneous remission. Hence, definitive treatment might be delayed.
However, the small lesions should be reexamined for spontaneous remission and you should make every possible effort to prevent any sun damage. As far as the treatment is considered, here are some techniques which will be helpful in getting rid of this skin condition;
Basically, this one is the treatment of choice for superficial and isolated actinic keratosis, which resides in the epithelium. In this method, liquid nitrogen is used which causes the separation of the epidermis and dermis. It results in an effective and non-scarring therapy, which works ideally for superficial lesions. In case, the patients possess a darker complexion, he may develop hypo pigmented areas after freezing. Thus, he will need to treat the multiple lesions on the faces.
For those individual indurated lesions and the one with thick crusts, needs to be removed with minor surgical procedures. For the biopsy lesions less than 0.5 cm, it is not a good idea. But for the larger lesions, especially which occur on the vermilion border of the lips needs to be examined carefully. You can opt for electrodessication and curettage for easy removal of small and thicker lesions.
You can use glycolic acid, an alpha hydroxy acid, as a chemical peeling agent. Basically, actinic keratosis involves epidermal hyperplasia along with the retention of stratum corneum. When alpha hydroxy acid is applied in high concentrations, say 30% to 70% glycolic acid, it simply causes epidermolysis and elimination of keratosis. When you decide for this method, make sure you apply fluorouracil cream 5 to 7 days prior to the peel session.
In the end, you need to know that when this skin condition is incorrectly dealt with, it becomes worst. The patches will start to get bigger and this can further slow down the process of recovery. Hence, it is crucial that you look for the right solution for actinic keratosis at the earliest.