Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is a condition that’s caused by inhaling allergens like pollens, dust, grass, saliva or mold. Nearly, 10-20% of the US population is known to suffer from allergic rhinitis. It leads to allergic body reaction leading to release of histamine to protect your body. This further results in stuffy nose, sneezing, itching, inflammation, watery eyes and swelling around eyes.
Not all, but only a few are at higher risk of suffering from allergic rhinitis, depending on their family history, weak immune system, etc.
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Types and symptoms
Allergic rhinitis is of two types – seasonal that occurs at one particular season, and perennial that occurs throughout the year when you come in contact with the particular allergen.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis are:
- repeated sneezing,
- a runny nose,
- itchy nose,
- watery/swollen eyes, and
- nasal congestion.
- It can also cause a dry cough, sore throat, headache, fatigue, weakness, and dark circles under the eyes.
Medication for allergic rhinitis.
Decongestants for relieving a runny nose.
Eyedrops for treating red and watery eyes.
Antihistamines to help with sneezing, runny nose, itching, and watery eyes.
Corticosteroid nasal sprays to reduce nasal inflammation.
All the aforementioned medicines are available over-the-counter. Some prescribed medicines that are given only after doctor’s prescription are:
Ipratropium bromide to relieve a runny nose, and leukotriene modifiers to relieve sneezing, stuffy nose, itching, and runny nose.
These medications can provide you quick relief, but all contain chemical-induced ingredients that may have certain side effects on your body.
If you want to risk any of the side-effects, you can try the following home remedies for treatment.
Steam is the easiest and simplest way to relieve nasal passage. It can clear mucous membrane for smooth breathing and even stimulates nerves of your nose to relieve irritation caused by the blocked nose, headache, sneezing, etc. For this treatment, you need to boil some water in a bowl and add a few drops of tea tree oil in the hot water. Now cover your head with the towel over the steaming hot water bowl and try to inhale and exhale the steam for flushing out the allergens.
Mix one tablespoon of turmeric powder in one glass of warm milk and drink it before going to bed to boost your immune system. Apart from this remedy, you can mix one tablespoon of turmeric with some honey and eat during the allergic season. Turmeric has immune-boosting abilities, hence, helps in reducing inflammation caused by allergens that lead to blocking of a nose, congestion, sneezing and sore throat.
3. Saline Water
You can irrigate your nasal passage with saline water for quick relief. For this easy home remedy, you need to warm up one cup of water and add one tablespoon of salt into it. You can also mix one pinch of baking soda for additional benefits. Once the mixture is ready, pass this solution from one nostril to another using a nasal bulb. Although it may sound a bit complicated, it’s quite easy and it will help you in removing excessive irritants from the nasal passage.
You need to take 1 tablespoon of grated ginger and put it in one cup of water. Boil it for five minutes and then add one teaspoon of honey to the solution. Now drink it for the best result. You need to drink it daily for boosting your immune system.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar
This is another magic remedy to treat allergens. You need to mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar into warm water and add 1 tablespoon of honey into it. It is recommended to drink this throughout the allergic season for relief.