An autoimmune system is a disease which causes person’s own immune system to attack its tissues. A body of a person can react in a variety of ways depending on the condition. The immune system of our body normally guards against germs for instance bacteria and viruses. When our immune system senses foreign bodies, it releases cells to attack them. Generally, our immune system can easily tell the difference between foreign cells and own cells. But in an autoimmune disease, the immune system attacks your own body parts like skin or joints. For this, it releases proteins called autoantibodies which attack healthy cells in your body. Some of these disorders include arthritis, lupus, thyroid and skin disorders etc.
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Cause of autoimmune skin disorder
The real cause of autoimmune skin disorder is still unknown, yet many people around the world are suffering from this problem. Women are more prone to the disease as compared to men. In women, autoimmune diseases startsin thechildbearing years. In some cases, it is hereditary and in others, it is more common in certain ethnic groups. Doctors and researchers are still finding the exact reason for the skin disorder thoughdiet, infections, exposure to chemicalsare considered the main culprits. If we talk about skin disorders, there are several skin-related autoimmune skin disorders for example psoriasis, scleroderma, dermatomyositis, and epidermolysis bullosa.
A chronic skin disorderthat mostly affects women,Scleroderma occurs between the ages of 30 to 35. It is widespread condition that affects all connective tissue of your body. The patient with autoimmune disorder experience change in skin, blood vessels, muscles, and organs. Hardening skin of a person is the most visible manifestation of the disease. There are two types of Scleroderma PSS (Progressive Systematic Sclerosis) and CREST syndrome. This skin condition is not contagious and infectious.
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that manifests as irritation and redness of the skin. Mainly there are five types of psoriasis: plaque, inverse, guttate, erythrodermic, and pustular. The common one is plaque psoriasis. In this condition, your skin is covered with raised and red patches which appears as flaky, silver-white dead skin. It is most likely an inherited disorder as discovered in current researches.
It is a long-term inflammatory disorder, which affects person’s muscles. Red skin is its main symptom. An autoimmune disorder is muscular in nature, but it is a skin-related autoimmune condition. It can occur to anyone however, it is the most commonly develops in adults between 40 to 45 years.
In most cases, dermatomyositis, a distinctive skin rash on the face, eyelids, chest, nail cuticle areas, knuckles, knees or elbows are some symptoms. These rashes are patchy and usually of a bluish-purple color. Muscle weakness that starts in the arms, neck or hips and can be felt on both sides of the body and gets worse over weeks or with time is also a giveaway symptom.
Epidermolysis Bullosais a group of genetic skin condition that causes skin to become fragile and turns it into blisters. It has no cure, though it can improve with age. It is autoimmune in nature and itchy or painful sometimes. There are several types of epidermolysis Bullosa. Some common symptoms of Bullosa are thickened skin on the palms and soles of the feet, scalp blistering, scarring and hair loss (scarring alopecia) and thin-appearing skin (atrophic scarring).