Ankylosing spondylitis is disease of the vertebrate in the human spine. The vertebrae in spin fuse and cause stiffness of spine with reduced mobility. It’s an inflammatory disease that can result in a hunched-forward posture. In some cases, ribs are also affected and can even make breathing difficult. Ankylosing spondylitis is more common in men than women and it mostly appears in 30 plus age groups.
As per the findings of University of Washington Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, it’s mostly diagnosed before the age of 35 and also hinted toward possible association of genetic predisposition toward development of AS. The disease rarely leads to sever disability in the affected people and they live their life actively except some particular physical moves.
The disease can have adverse effect on almost every part of the body. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for the condition but health professionals can help reduce pain and inflammation through medication and specific therapies.
How Ankylosing Spondylitis effect human body?
Ankylosing Spondylitis mostly a physical ailment relating to spin, but that doesn’t contain its effects and entire body, especially joints are also hit. The joints and ligaments in the spin inflames, resulting in pain and stiffness. This stiffness causes difficulty in making normal movements. The fused vertebrae make hard to bend on move. Other than joints, it can also affect heath, lungs, even eyes. Let’s take a look at brief overview of AS on various parts of human body.
Effects on Circulatory System
Anemia or general fatigue can also effect person suffering with AS because it can cause deficiency of red blood cells. In rare cases, inflammation reaches the aorta and heart junction. In nutshell, people with AS are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease including heart attack.
Effects on Nervous System
Chronic cases of sever AS can affect the nervous system. With the passage of time, scars in the bundle of nerves located at the spine’s base begins to form, leading to lack of bowel control, and sexual dysfunction.
Mostly, eye is more affected that than any other organ in the body. Eye inflammation has been observed in one in three people suffering from AS. Person would experience pain or vision related problems. However, rarely a case of blindness is reported.
In some cases, inflammation or fusing in joints takes place in joints where the ribs meet the spine, which can cause trouble in chest wall movement. Person can find it difficult to take deep breaths. Scarring or fibrosis at the top of the lungs can develop scarring as well. If it happens, then respiratory system becomes vulnerable to respiratory infections and colds.
Effects on Nails, Hair, Skin
Person with AS is vulnerable to psoriasis development – a skin condition characterized by red, scaly patches of skin, and these patches can appear anywhere on the body. Mostly, scalp, elbows, and knees are hit accompanied by itchiness, tenderness, burning, and stinging.
Other health Effects
The most common physical trouble reported among people with AS is fatigue due to continuous battle of body against chronic inflammation. Pain can disrupt sleep, thus, resulting in fatigue.