Being a common skin disease among the small children, impetigo is said to be caused is two pathogen bacteria. It is also known as schools sores, for a reason that it is predominant among children ages 2 to 7 years old. But that doesn’t mean it cannot be acquired by adults. People living in places with unhealthy and poor living conditions can be affected by the same. Learn in detail.
Besides being defined as a skin problem, impetigo is considered to be a simplified definition of a slightly more complex issue. Yes, it is a deep result of a bacterial infection.
There are two pathogen bacteria, i.e. Staphylococcus sp. and Streptococcus sp, causing this skin condition. While there are forms which are harmless, but there do exist some which not only effect the skin, but also the lives, lungs, kidneys and, even the entire body.
For years, it has been rarely considered as a serious affliction. However, this never means that impetigo will not cause any pain, or it will not be annoying. It generally creates discomfort, how much? This discomfort depends on the type of impetigo a patient is suffering from. Yes, there exist different types of impetigo.
Earlier, the physicians considered only one type of impetigo, as they all looked the same. But the recent studies and researches have uncovered the truth. Staphylococcus sp. can lead to two different types of impetigo, here are the following:
Non - bullous impetigo: This one is well known as the classical form and can be caused not only by Staphylococcus sp., but even Streptococcus sp. can be a reason. The way it reacts to your skin is pretty gruesome. Basically, in the first phase, it will cause some small scabs. After some time, i.e. once it gets fully developed, it will form yellow crusts. And the worst part is that these come with an ability to merge together. Hence, it creates a scaly aspect on the skin.
As far as the blister formation is concerned, it usually begins from your nose or on the lower half of the face. But in some case, it can occur to your arms and legs too. For those who have lower immunity, might be due to any type of disease, cancer or AIDS, they might have to suffer from the swelling of any glands, near the infected portion.
Bullous impetigo: This one is not so common sibling. When it comes to the cause, bullous impetigo happens due to one pathogen agent. It is Staphylococcus sp. to be blamed for its existence. As it produces a toxin which further breaks the connective tissue to create a blister between the epidermis and the lower layer of the skin.
Unlike their counterparts, these blisters are not restricted to the face area. It can appear pretty much anywhere. Generally, you will find it on the buttock.
Is it contagious or not?
Well, this particular skin problem is highly contagious. Not only it can be transformed from one infested person to healthy person through direct skin to skin contact, but it can transfer through clothes, towels and even bathing areas. Hence, be very careful when coming in contact with impetigo patients.