Furry friends are adorable family members. But for some people, welcoming pets into their home may also bring in several allergic reactions. Some people do not even consider living with a pet due to unknown allergies that come along with dogs, cats or other furry animals.
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Pet allergies are common throughout the U.S. and for people who have to stay in contact with animals; pet allergies are one of the health issues that may even affect their ability to do their job.
Pet Allergy Symptoms
Nearly 10 percent of the general population has pet allergies. It’s triggered by protein components of pet dander (i.e. dead skin that flakes off), as well as pet saliva and urine. These proteins are called allergens. These allergens interact with the human immune system and cause several allergic problems. Some of the common symptoms of a pet allergy may include:
- Stuffy nose
- Red and itchy eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Skin reactions like rash or swelling
If you suspect that you’re suffering from a pet allergy, you may consult an allergist to access your medical history. Pet allergy is diagnosed by testing certain tests that specify certain allergies. In this article, we’ll mainly deal with cat allergy, and ways to get rid of it.
In some cases, people may become tolerant to allergy with time. But in severe cases, it may cause some serious issues such as asthma. Instead, to getting rid of the cat or avoiding contact, you need to recognize that the cat allergen is everywhere in the house.
The main protein involved in cat allergy is very small, light and sticky. It can reach the lungs in spite of the filtration of the nose. This protein is produced by the cutaneous gland. Newborn cats produce some of this protein, female cats produce more but not enough as an adult male cate. Newborn cats produce some, female cats produce more but not as much as sexually adult male cats.
This cat allergen can contaminate public environments and new houses. To get rid of this allergen, you need six months’ time even after the cat has been evacuated from the house.
To change the course of an individual's cat allergy, the patient has to deal with sublingual immunotherapy that provides a first line treatment. In many cases, sublingual immunotherapy is initiated while maintaining the patient’s exposure to cats, but under close observation. The allergist has to be more careful if the patient has asthma. All thanks to some novel clinical tools like measurement of expired nitric oxide, allergists can closely observe their patients.
Tips to Control Pet Allery
- Ensure that your pet is away from the bedroom. You can also make a small cathouse for your feline friend outside your house in your yard.
- If your family member or friend is allergic to pets, you must make sure that they don’t contact your pet.
- Pet owners with severe pet allergies must start wearing a protective mouth mask or rubber gloves when grooming their pet.
- Don’t forget to wash your hands and face after playing with your pet.
- Purchase an anti-allergen pet shampoo while bathing your pet and anti-dust spray to minimize the number of allergens in your home.
- Purchase special HEPA vacuum cleaner to suck up dust allergens and dander from all the places in your house.
- Instead of carpeting the floor, you must install a hardwood floor in common stairs and other areas. This will avoid dander build up in rugs, making it easier to thoroughly clean the allergens.