Scabies is nothing new today; it does not need to be introduced. But, the points to be discussed about scabies are its possible treatments and the control measures, often which confuse people worldwide. This article emphasis mainly on how to treat scabies and what measures can be taken to control it from spreading in and around the effected. Have a look.
Scabies is an ectoparasitic infestation of the skin caused by a tiny mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. Scabies is regarded as a nuisance disease by many medical professionals; however, it can be extremely costly in terms of direct and indirect outbreaks, poor public relations, and discomfort of affected patients, and their family members. In addition to this, scabies patients are also susceptible to many secondary skin and other body infections and complications that can even lead to death.
General Information - Infestation
As known, scabies is caused by the microscopic scabies mite that burrows into the upper layer of the skin (epidermis) where it lives and lays its eggs. Intense itching, especially at nights, and pimple-like skin rashes are the most common symptoms of scabies. Scabies is usually transmitted by direct or prolonged skin-to-skin contact with a scabies infected person. It can spread rapidly under crowded conditions like public gathering, schools, nursing homes, etc.
Millions of people worldwide of all races and social classes are affected by this disease. In the United States, the rate of infestation has been increasing for several years. Those who have multiple sex partners, or are immune compromised or the clinicians in direct patient contact are also at high risk for contracting the disease.
How to treat scabies?
Once the disease gets diagnosed, the affectant should be immediately started giving the treatment. There are various natural and non-natural ways to treat scabies:
- Permethrin cream is one of the first medicines that doctors recommend to cure scabies infestation. 5% Permethrin cream is considered safe for infants as young as 2 months old. However, it should not be used by those who are allergic. Also, in case of severe cases or crusted scabies, Permethrin is not that affective.
- A better option than the Permethrin is the topical scabies cream Dr. Scabies. It is a natural formula to treat scabies made up of Sulphur, soy & Jojoba Oils, Melaleuca Alternifolia Leaf Oil, Stearic Acid from coconut oil and several other natural ingredients. Dr. Scabies eliminated contagious scabies mites and their eggs. It also helps you in controlling intense itching, irritation and re-infestation. It should be applied 2-3 times a day all over the body. It is 10% safe, with no side-effects and can be used for infants.
- Natural remedies like Turmeric and Neem are well-known for their medicinal properties. The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric, on one hand, help in relieving the rashes and itching, whereas neem helps in killing the mites.
- Yet another home remedy against treating scabies is the Aloe Vera. This succulent plant can be grown anywhere easily, even at homes. Aloe Vera consists of anti-microbial and anti-pesticide properties, and is a great remedy for various diseases. Aloe Vera can be either eaten raw or its gel can be applied over the skin to give coolness and reduce itching.
- Skin blisters that become infected should be treated with an appropriate antibiotic prescribed by a dermatologist.
- Use of insecticides and fumigants is highly discouraged.
How to control scabies?
- Correct Treatment: A treatment becomes successful only when taken correctly. Topical Creams or lotions must be applied wisely by covering the entire body, and rinsed off according to instructions.
- Consult a doctor before taking any medication and take all the details correctly regarding its application and usage.
- Treat family members: In addition to the infested person, household members and close contacts of a person are also advised to take treatment, even if there are no symptoms. This will aid in avoiding a repeating cycle of infection, both for the patient and the family members.
- Household Cleaning: Scabies is a contagious disease and can be spread by touching the clothing or bedsheets of an infected person. Therefore, it is good to wash any clothing, bedding, towels, or any other things that the patient has touched.
- Household things like cushions, mattresses, curtains, sofas, furniture or anything else that cannot be washed should be thoroughly vacuumed. Throw out the vacuum bag and clean the vacuum well with bleach and hot water.
- Treating infection: Once the mites are treated, the skin usually heals without difficulty. However, one should still avoid scratching to keep the skin clean and dry; it will help to prevent infection. If signs of a skin infection still develop, such as redness, swelling, pain, etc., go for oral antibiotics and consult your doctor.
Universal protection Tip
It is best to avoid any sort of physical contact with a scabies infected person because the mites may be present anywhere on their body. Make sure you don’t even share your clothes, towels, or bedding with the person until they have been treated and everything has been washed.