Scabies in humans is caused by mites called Sarcoptesscabiei. These itch mites burrow under the skin and lay eggs there. This causes itchiness in the skin, which with the passage of time becomes blisters and red rashes if stay undertreated. Itchiness is one of the primary symptoms of scabies. Scabies is contagious. Chances of transmission of scabies from a person to another depending on a number of factors. Contact with an infected person for more than 20 minutes can get you scabies. Using clothing and/or bedding of the infected person can also result in transmission of scabies.
Temperature plays a vital role in the spread of scabies as the movement of scabies mites heavily depends on temperature conditions. Mites have no or limited movement in temperatures below 200C. This is why the transmission rate between two individuals may be high, thanks to high body temperature.
Most infected people have 10-15 mites on their body. However, in some forms of scabies like Norwegian or crusted scabies,the same number might be in thousands, making it highly contagious.
Usually, scabies is treated with insecticides or pills. Two most commonly used drugs that can be purchased over the counter include Lindane and Permethrin.
Lindane Vs Permethrin
Lindaneused to be one of the most popular medications for scabies. But according to a study conducted by World Health Organization, a prolonged use of Lindane could lead to cancer. Asa result, use of Lindane as an anti-scabies drug has decreased across the world.
In pursuit of a better alternative to Lindane, researchers have introduced Permethrin that is equally effective and widely used for the treatment of scabies.
Permethrin is an effective insecticide. It comes in form of a cream. The cream efficiently kills scabies mites present in human body. It is meant for use only on the skin.It can be applied on the infected individual’s skin soon after doctor’s recommendation. It can be applied on any body part. Of course, you need to take precautions while applying it on the areas around eyes.
Apply the cream thoroughly in between fingers, toes, skin folds and under armpits for an instant relief. Take a considerable amount of cream on the fingertip and gently massage it on the affected area. Rinse the cream after 8-10 hours.
Ivermectin is another effective medicine that acts as a panacea for people infected with scabies. The medicine comes in form of pills and is great for individuals who don’t like creams and lotions. lvermectin is designed to be consumed orally, and is proved to be very effective in treating scabies and other roundworm infections.
What experts have to say?
A team of students and professors at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Iran compared efficacy of Ivermectin and Permethrin in the treatment of scabies. The results drawn from the investigation revealed performance of Permethrin slightly better than Ivermectin in treating scabies.
The study revealed some other facts about the treatment and performance of both prescription medicines, which are listed below:
- Permethrin cream is better than Ivermectin in treatment of scabies.
- Ivermectin’scure rate increased by almost 100% in scabies patients after use of Permethrin.
- Ivermectinacts great on adult mites but isn’t as effective against other small organisms such as mite eggs.
- Permethrin is effective against both the adult mites as well as their eggs.
Ivermectin and Permethrin are two medicines that are considered equally effective in treating scabies, provided both of them are taken only after consultation and recommendation of the doctor.