Seborrheic eczema is a common skin condition with the symptoms like red lesions, patches and itching. It may resemble other skin conditions, so you must know its symptoms and treatment.
Seborrheic eczema or seborrhoeic dermatitis is one of the common skin diseases and is characterized by red lesions, patches and dandruff. Generally, it is found on the scalp, but can appear on the other body parts including chest, back, face and upper chest. Seborrhoeic eczema is known as crib cap when it is formed in infants where it occurs in the first few weeks of the birth and goes away in several weeks or month. The real cause of seborrhoeic eczema is still unknown, however, oil overproduction in the skin and fungus, Malaseezia are believed to be the main factors behind seborrhoeic eczema.
Seborrheic eczema appears in the oily parts of the skin such as scalp, ears, eyebrows, nose and the upper part of the chest. The signs of seborrheic eczema include flakes (dandruff), white or yellowish patches, red and itchy lesions, itching and hair loss in the affected area.
What are the Causes or Risk Factors of Seborrheic Eczema?
Seborrheic eczema can occur in people of any age. However, it affects men more than women. It is not infectious. Some of the factors that trigger dermatitis are:
- Hormonal changes or illness
- Harsh detergents, solvents, chemicals and soaps
- Cold, dry weather
- Not taking care of skin
- Stroke, HIV or Parkinson’s disease
How is seborrheic dermatitis diagnosed?
Seborrheic dermatitis mimics various skin conditions like psoriasis, making it difficult for you to differentiate it from others. Your physician would like to know your medical history and can order for a physical examination of your skin. He or she may perform biopsy or take a bit of skin for a microscopic observance to check if there is a fungal infection. In this way, a doctor can rule out the possibilities of other skin conditions.
How to Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis?
If the symptoms are not so severe, you can use a topical antifungal cream or medicated shampoo to treat seborrheic dermatitis. In severe cases, you must see your doctor for right prescription. Use topical corticosteroids as directed by your doctor. If it doesn’t work, you may be prescribed non-corticosteroid medication. Please consult your doctor before choosing any medication to treat seborrheic eczema.