Eczema can affect virtually anybody. But are all forms of this skin condition same? Yes, there exist different types of eczema. Hence, if you wish to take proper skin care, it is a must to learn about them at early stage.
If it is about defining, eczema is a medical term used to define a skin condition. Basically, it is a type of dermatitis or better say, an inflammation of the epidermis. Being a persistent skin condition, this condition leads to dryness of the skin and sometimes rashes on the skin.
As far as the most common symptoms of the skin condition are concerned, it includes skin dryness, crusting, skin redness, swelling, skin blisters, cracking of the skin, bleeding, inflammation, itching, flaking of the skin, and oozing of the skin. And at time, the individuals experience slight skin discolorations too. It is due to the result of breakouts which are attempting to heal themselves.
In short, the term "Eczema" describes a broad set of characteristics. But do you know that there are many different types of Eczema?
Now, let’s about the different types:
Contact eczema: This can be further classified into two, allergic and irritant. While allergic one is normally a resultant of deferred reaction to some allergen, on the other hand irritant contact occurs from a direct reaction to some component like a shampoo or soap. Here you need to know that irritant contact is responsible for about three quarters of all contact cases. To cure this, it is advised to avoid the object which causes the individual eczema.
Xerotic Eczema: This skin condition is also popular as craquele, asteatotic, or winters itch. It is one of the severe forms of breakout which leads to severe cases of dry skin. In this case, the area of dry skin becomes extreme and severe, causing the breakout turns in to Xerotic. And not to forget, this condition can turn worst in cold winter weather. It happens to your arms, legs, and core area.
Atopic Eczema: It is one of the most common types of Eczema, which is also called infantile and flexural dermatitis. Basically, this is an allergic disease which is said to be caused due to some hereditary trait. Hence, it is common in the individuals whose families have been suffering from hay fever and/or asthma. And it is identified as a rash which causes a large amount of itching on the head, elbows, scalp, neck, bend of the knees, and the buttocks area.
Seborrhoeic Eczema: When it happens to the infants, this type is called as cradle cap. Often it is related to dandruff and is found in individuals having flaking, greasy, and peeling of the scalp. It is also linked with flaking of the eyebrows, peeling of the face, and even shedding of the trunk. Though this type of eczema is harmless, yet this when happens to an infant can turn into severe cradle cap.
So, these were among the most common types. However, there are some other types of this condition, which are less common. It includes discoid Eczema, the same round rashes on the leg region, venous eczema which happens due to poor circulation, and is most common in the ankle area. Then there is dyshidrosis that majorly occurs on palms, fingers, and toes. Neurodermatitis and autoeczematization are also in the list.