Hyperparathyroidism arises due to abnormal reaction of parathyroid glands found in the neck of humans and other tetrapods. The medical condition is caused when the glands producing additional amount of hormones than required. Let us take a brief look at the working and type of glands.
There are four parathyroid glands that are located behind the thyroid gland. Biological purpose of the Parathyroid hormone and calitonin, one of the hormones produced by the thyroid gland, is to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood and within the bones. The parathyroid glands are named so because they are located in proximity to the thyroid but serve entirely different purpose than the thyroid gland. There are two main type of cell in the parathyroid gland, chief cells and oxyphill cells.
The chief cells are small and appear dark when loaded with parathyroid hormone; they perform synthesis and release of parathyroid hormone. The oxyphill cells are lighter in appearance and increases in number with age, and do not have any defined purpose.
What is Hyperparathyroidism?
When parathyroid glands overreact in abnormal way, releasing excess levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) into the blood plasma, it results in rise in levels of calcium and vitamin D. The parathyroid gland, in its normal state, would calculate the ionized calcium concentration in the blood and secrete only required amount to maintain the balance. On the other hand, if the PTH gland doesn’t stop secreting even when the required levels of ionized calcium have been achieved, it leads to a condition that is called Hyperparathyroidism. Basically, the ionized calcium concentration in plasma rises beyond their normal levels.
Types of Hyperparathyroidism
It occurs when at least one of the parathyroid glands are malfunctioning owing to either growth on the gland or enlargement of at least two glands. In some cases, cancerous tumor can be the cause. People with certain inherited disorder that affect several glands, people with long history of calcium and vitamin D deficiencies, have been exposed to radiation from cancer treatment, or a person on psychiatric drug lithium used mainly in treatment of bipolar disorder.
It occurs when an underlying condition causes your calcium levels to be abnormally low, which happens mainly due to chronic kidney failure eventually leading to drop in levels of vitamin D and calcium.
It occurs when PTH glands fails to detect concentration of ionized calcium in blood and keep producing unwanted amount. People with kidney problems are most vulnerable to this type of hyperparathyroidism.
Hyperparathyroidism can be cured by any means that could help in maintaining PTH levels in the blood. In sever conditions, surgeries are required to remove or crop enlarged glands or tumors.
How to treat it naturally?
Hyperparathyroidism can be cured at home naturally. You can try following treatments:
Monitor Calcium and Vitamin D intake
Monitor your calcium and vitamin D intake. Once you know the status, you can make changes in your food and lifestyle to maintain the required levels.
Plenty of Fluids
Patient must ensure high intake of fluids, mostly water, until he/she producing nearly clear urine to lessen the risk of kidney stones.
Regular Workout, Quite Smoking
Regular exercise and strength training can help in maintaining strong bones. A doctor/therapist must be consulted before choosing any workout to help in recovering from hyperparathyroidism.
Bone loss increases with smoking, which results in a number of serious health problems. So, avoid smoking to reduce the risk.
Avoid Certain Drugs, Eat Suggested Foods
Avoid drugs associated with calcium concentration. The drugs also include diuretics and lithium. Eat lots of berries, cook with cruciferous veggies, eat salmon, turkey, yogurt etc.