Did you know? Nearly 16 million Americans are suffering from rosacea, a chronic skin condition. In rosacea, the skin develops small and blisters on nose, cheeks, and forehead. Since the flare up occur cyclic, the symptoms can persist for weeks or months, go away and then they come back. The causes of rosacea are unknown with no permanent treatment.
What are the Types of Rosacea?
Rosacea is categorized into four types, depending on the location and symptoms.
- The first one erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR), is related with facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
- Papulopustular (or acne) rosacea, is characterized with acne-like breakouts and often finds in middle-aged women.
- Rhinophyma, is a rare type, in which the nose skin becomes thick, and it is usually common in male patients.
- Ocular rosacea affects eye area.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea?
As it has been told earlier that rosacea has four types, the signs and symptoms will be different in each subtype. Here we have arranged the symptoms according to each type:
Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) Symptoms:
- Redness in the Center of Face
- Blood Vessels Become Visible
- Swollen and Sensitive Skin
- Skin Inflammation
- Dry and Peeling Skin
Papulopustular (or acne) rosacea Signs:
- Acne like blisters
- Oily Skin
- Skin Becomes Sensitive
- Visible Blood Vessels
- Skin Gets Raised Patches
- raised patches of skin
Signs of Rhinophyma
- Raised Skin Texture
- Nose Skin Becomes Thick
- Thick Skin Occurs on Chin, Forehead, Cheeks, and Ears
- Big pores
- Blood Vessels Become Visible
Signs of Ocular Rosacea:
- Watery Eyes with Bloodshot
- Gritty Eyes
- Feeling Burning and Stinging Sensation in the Eyes
- Dry and Itchy Eyes
- Eyes Become Sensitive to Light
- Broken Blood Vessels on Eyelids
- Eye Swelling
- Poor Vision
What Cause Rosacea?
The exact causes of rosacea are still unknown. However, it is often linked with genetics and environmental factors. For example, it is caused by…
- Excessive Consumption of Spicy Foods
- Taking Alcoholic Beverages
- Presence of Helicobacter pylori, an intestinal bacteria
- Demodex, a Skin Mite
Who are at Risk?
Several factors make you prone to the rosacea than others. Rosacea find in people between the ages of 30 and 50. Besides, it is common in fair skinned people with blond hair and blue eyes. As far as genetic connection of rosacea concerns, you can develop it if anyone has rosacea in your family. Women are more vulnerable to rosacea, although it comes with more severe symptoms in men.
How Doctor Will Treat Rosacea?
Although rosacea is not curable, a physician will prescribe several medications to prevent and keep rosacea in control.
What Precautions You Must Follow for Rosacea?
Apart from medical aid, follow the precautions to prevent rosacea from coming back.
- Use mild cleansers to wash your face
- Wear sunscreen before stepping out in the sun.
- Apply topical ointment, medication or cosmetics after asking a doctor.
- Use alcohol free facial products only.
- Minimize tea, coffee or alcohol.
- Minimize spicy and hot foods.
- Stay away from extracts, beans, citrus fruits and chocolate.
- Avoid going in extreme temperatures whether hot or cold.
Don’t rub the affected areas.