Seborrheic eczema is characterized by red spots and patches. Learn here the signs, causes, and treatment for the same.
Seborrheic eczema, also referred as seborrhoeic dermatitis, is a scalp condition occurred with the signs like patches, red rashes, and dandruff.
According to one report, nearly 5% of the general population has seborrheic dermatitis. 88% of them have facial symptoms while 70% have them on the scalp and 27% experience it in the chest.
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Besides affecting the scalp, it may occur on the other parts of the body, including chest, back, upper chest, and face. In infants, it is called crib cap which occurs within a few weeks of the birth and goes away on its own after some time. It is still unknown what causes seborrhoeic eczema. However, oil overproduction in the skin is believed to be the key trigger. Malassezia, a fungus, may be also responsible for seborrheic eczema.
What are the Signs of Seborrheic Eczema?
Seborrheic eczema develops on the oily skin parts like eyebrows, nose, ears, scalp and the upper parts of the chest. The key signs of seborrheic eczema are dandruff, white or yellowish patches and red sores, itching, hair loss on the affected part of your skin.
What are the Causes Seborrheic Eczema?
As we have told you that exact causes of Seborrheic eczema are still unknown. It is believed to be triggered by stress, hormonal changes or illness, harsh detergents, solvents, chemicals and soaps, cold, dry weather, obesity, fatigue, not taking care of skin, pollutions, stroke, HIV or Parkinson’s disease. Seborrheic eczema occurs in people regardless of their age, although it is more common among men than women. It is not a contagious skin condition.
How is Seborrheic Dermatitis Diagnosed?
Seborrheic dermatitis mimics several skin conditions like psoriasis. This is why many people can confuse it with other skin conditions. A medical assistance is required to find out if it is seborrheic dermatitis. Share your medical history with your physician. Generally, a skin test is performed by a physician to determine the condition in a first go. Besides, they may collect your skin sample (biopsy) for microscopic observance if they are not sure.
How is Seborrheic Dermatitis Treated?
Sometimes, seborrheic dermatitis will clear up by itself. Though it may last for years at a time, you can control it with a good skin care. Mild symptoms of seborrheic eczema are treatable at home with topical antifungal creams. See your physician if you have uncommon signs or doubt over your condition. Likewise, most severe cases also require you to see a doctor. Stick to the instructions given by your doctor. The prescriptions include topical corticosteroids and non-corticosteroid medication if former doesn’t work. Adults with seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp can use OTC dandruff shampoo that includes one of the ingredients like coal tar, ketoconazole, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide and zinc pyrithione.
In case of infants, the scalp should be shampooed daily with warm water and baby shampoo. If there is no improvement, consult your pediatrician about medicated shampoo. The affected skin should be washed using soap and water every day.