Scabies is a contagious skin infection caused by scabies mites called as Sarcoptes Scabiei. The mites get transferred from a scabies patient to other person by means of physical contact. The presence of scabies mites results into intense itching followed by red bumps and rashes all over the body.
The only way to get rid of scabies mites is by proper treatment which comprises of medications and basic precautions. The following blog gives you an insight into the disease along with ways to treat it.
Scabies mites create burrows beneath the skin to grow and lay eggs. It takes around three to four days for the eggs to hatch after which they move to the surface of the skin and mature into adults. Scabies mites are present more in warm places like skin folds, between the fingers, under fingernails, around the buttock or breast creases.
How can someone get infected with scabies?
Scabies mites can get transferred through prolonged periods of skin-to-skin contact with a person infested with scabies mites or through sexual intimacy.
In some cases scabies mites can also get transferred by sharing clothing, towels and bedding with the infected person. Once the mites get transferred, it takes around eight weeks for the symptoms to appear.
Symptoms of scabies
The most visible symptoms of scabies are rashes and bumps which are accompanied by itching which is worse during the night. Symptoms will appear after a gap of four to six weeks and sometimes even eight weeks but if you had scabies in the past itching will start within one to two days.
The scabies rash will appear like tiny red spots and scratching will result into crusty sores. You will also notice burrow marks on your body which will be around 1cm or less in length, wavy, silver-colored with a black dot at one end. that can be seen with a magnifying glass.
The burrow marks can be found in the folds of skin between fingers and toes, the palms of the hands, the soles and sides of the feet, wrists, elbows, around the nipples (in females) and around the genital area (in males).
In case you come in contact with a person suffering from scabies or are experiencing scabies symptoms then immediately run to your GP to get the right treatment. This will not just prevent you from further infection but also will reduce risk to others.
You should also make sure that all household members, sexual partner and everyone else in your vicinity should also be treated for scabies irrespective of symptoms.
Lotions and creams
After the initial outbreak of scabies symptoms your doctor will recommend medications in the form of topical lotions and creams to treat scabies. Dr Scabies is one of the popular recommendations by many doctors for treating the scabies mites. It is made up of natural ingredients and thus is effective in killing the scabies mites without any side-effects. You can buy Dr Scabies cream from a medical store near you.
How to apply the cream or lotion?
- Your skin should be cool and dry when applying a topical cream. Avoid applying the cream after a hot bath as it will only make the itching more intense.
- When you apply cream or lotion make sure it reaches all parts of the body from neck down to your toes. Apply the cream on your back, the soles of your feet, in between your fingers and toes, under fingernails, and also on your genitals.
- To apply it properly under fingernails and toenails use a cotton bud or old toothbrush and throw the bud later by sealing it in a plastic bag.
- Don’t wash off the cream before 8 to 24 hours (depending on the doctor’s recommendation) before washing it off thoroughly.
- Repeat the application of the cream as per the doctor’s advice.
- Disinfect bed linen, nightwear and towels every morning.
Itchiness-How long do the bumps last?
Your GP will prescribe mild steroid creams, menthol cream or gel to reduce the itchiness. Oral antihistamines are also effective in controlling itching and helping you to get a better night's sleep.
Even after oral and topical medicines you may continue to experience itching. This is because it takes time to get rid of the dead mites and their droppings and thus the immune system continues to react. So, even after six weeks of treatment you may experience few bumps or itchiness. It’s best not to panic and visit your GP for further medication.