Have you spotted your skin erupting into a mass of red pimples? Are those dry cracks annoying you too much? Does your skin itch relentlessly? And the outbreaks are becoming more frequent with passage of time?
These symptoms indicate towards eczema. It is a common skin condition among children and adults. Often it is confused with other skin problems like scabies, which spread due to mite infestation. However, there is a major difference between these two. While scabies is highly contagious, eczema is non-contagious. Moreover, it is worth noticing that eczema is not of one or two types. It can be classified into various forms. Let’s have a look:
- Contact dermatitis: Now this comes in further two types, i.e. Allergic contact dermatitis and Irritant contact dermatitis. While the former is an immune system reaction to some irritants like latex or metal, the latter one occurs when a chemical or other substance causes irritation. To recognize it, look for these signs:
- You will find some fluid-filled blisters which may ooze and crust over.
- The skin turns red, burns, itches, and stings.
- Your skin will become thicken and feel scaly.
- There can be some itchy bumps called as hives.
- Dyshidrotic eczema: It can be due to allergies or exposure to substances like cobalt, nickel, or chromium salt. The other factor can be increase in stress level. Usually, you will spot some small blisters on your hands and feet. However, there are few more signs to differentiate it from other types:
- Your skin might turn scaly with cracks and flakes.
- Occurrence of fluid-filled blisters on your palms, toes, fingers, and soles of your feet.
- With time these blisters will turn itchy and painful.
- Atopic dermatitis: Being one of the most common types of eczema, it is more found in children. The only good thing is that it tends to go away by adulthood. This problem is likely to be caused due to factors like genes, dry skin, an immune system problem, and so on. Doctors refer it to atopic triad, i.e. a combination of three problems. Here the other two diseases are asthma and hay fever. You can differentiate them by checking on the following symptoms:
- There can be some small bumps which appear and leak fluid.
- For the toddlers, the rashes appear on their scalp and cheeks.
- The rash appears in the creases of your elbows or knees
- The skin in infested areas turns lighter or darker.
- Nummular eczema: This one looks very different from other types of eczema. Usually, it is triggered by a reaction to an allergic reaction to metals or chemicals, or an insect bite. It is identified with round, coin-shaped spots which appear on your skin and itch a lot. The other symptoms are:
- Coin-shaped spots which appear randomly on your skin
- These will turn itch or become scaly in some time.
- Hand eczema: When eczema is limited to your hands only, it is termed as hand eczema. People who are into jobs like hairdressing, healthcare, laundry or cleaning are more prone to it. Basically, it is triggered by exposure to chemicals. The symptoms are as follow:
- Your hands will turn itchy, red, and dry.
- There can be some cracks or blisters.
So now you can identify and differentiate among them easily, isn’t it?