Seborrheic eczema is the skin condition with red spots and patches. Know here the major symptoms and causes of seborrheic eczema here.
Seborrheic eczema, also termed as seborrhoeic dermatitis, is a type of eczema predominately occurring on the scalp. The signs of this medical condition are patches, dandruff and red lesions. Apart from scalp, it may occur on the back, face, upper chest and chest. In infants, it is called crib cap which occurs within a few weeks of the birth and goes away on its own.
It is still unknown what causes seborrhoeic eczema. Generally, the excessive production of the oil in the skin may trigger seborrhoeic eczema. Some of the common triggers of seborrheic dermatitis include stress, solvents, chemicals, soaps, medication, extreme weather, and lithium.
Seborrheic eczema is not infectious. People of any age can have this medical condition, though it most affects the adults between the ages of 30-60 and infants under 3 months. It is more common in men.
What are the Signs of Seborrheic Eczema?
Seborrheic eczema appearson the oily skin parts including scalp, ears, eyebrows, nose and the upper part of the chest. If you are suffering from seborrheic eczema, you can notice dandruff, white or yellowish patches and red sores, itching, hair loss on the affected part of your skin.
What Causes Seborrheic Eczema?
As we have told you before that the exact causes of seborrheic eczema are not found yet. Some factors are considered triggers which are stress, hormonal changes or illness, harsh detergents, solvents, chemicals and soaps, cold, dry weather, obesity, fatigue, not taking care of skin, pollutions, stroke, HIV or Parkinson’s disease.Seborrheic eczema can occur in people, irrespective of their age and sex. However, it affects men more than women. Remember, it is not infectious! It also affects the people with alcoholism, acne, rosacea, epilepsy and mental health issues like depression and eating disorders.
How a Physician Diagnose Seborrheic Dermatitis?
Seborrheic dermatitis mimics various skin conditions like psoriasis, making a physician’s examination important. See your doctor if you have rashes, dandruff and patches on the scalp.
Your physician would like to know your medical history and can perform a physicaltest of your skin which is known as biopsy. In biopsy, he collects your skin sample for microscopic observance to know if it is fungal infection.
Can I Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis at Home?
Use OTC dandruff or medicated shampoos for flakes and dryness. Make sure to buy the one being specifically made for seborrheic dermatitis. Such products have ingredients like salicylic acid, coal tar, zinc, resorcin, ketoconazole, or selenium sulfide. Use the shampoo according to the instructions given on the pack.
For a severe seborrheic dermatitis, your physician may prescribe you a shampoo or lotion with a stronger concentration of selenium sulfide, ketoconazole, or corticosteroid. Besides, immunomodulator cream may be prescribed to suppress the immune system to ease inflammation.
However, see the physician if OTC medications don’t respond. You are also required medical assistance if there is fluid or pus, crusts, redness or extreme pain in affected area.
Precautions for Seborrheic Dermatitis:
1. Take Care of Your Diet:
Some components of your diet may aggravate flare ups. So look for the foods that are anti-inflammatory and supports your immune system. Add leafy green veggies, strawberries, carrots, apples, bananas, wheat, avocados, almonds to your diet. Say not to the foods being high on saturated fats, refined sugar and food allergens.
2. Don’t Use Harsh Products or Shampoo:
Avoid using scented shampoos or oil as the chemicals in them may aggravate your condition. Ask your doctor which shampoo or oil will go right with your condition.
3. Avoid Taking Stress:
Stress and depression are also linked with seborrheic eczema. Minimize the effect of those stressful events by breathing and medication.
4. Try Alternative Medicines:
• Aloe vera is a soothing remedy and can be used directly from a leaf of the plant.
• Take fish oil supplements as they contain omega 3 that minimizes skin inflammation.
• Tea tree oil is an antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory remedy. Mix 3-5 drops of the oil with 1 ounce of olive or other carrier oil and apply it to the affected area. It can ease itching and inflammation.
Avoid Using Styling Products like hair sprays, gels, and other styling products.