Sunburn is caused by overexposure to the UV rays from the sun. The symptoms of sunburn are red, swollen and painful skin. While most people know that sunscreen is a good way to block those harmful UV rays, they don’t know that not all sunscreens are equal. Then, there are many folks who believe that the sun won’t affect their dark skin. Well, we are talking about general misconceptions about sunburn. Believing these myths can stop you from getting enough protection or following precautions for sunburn. Here we rounded up some of them along with the facts.
Sunscreen is Only Necessary When There is Sunny Outside:
Many people only use sunscreen when their entire body is exposed to sunlight. UV rays do the harm, no matter how much of your skin is exposed to them. In fact, your body is even exposed to the sun during overcast days. The lower arms and face are the most exposed areas to the UV rays. Therefore, make sure to cover them with sunscreen and use other protective methods, such as covering with a scarf or wearing a hat.
Sun Won’t Cause Damage to Dark Skin:
Yeah, dark-skinned people are less likely to get sunburns due to melanin in their skin. Melanin gives skin its color and protects the skin from the sun as well. But that doesn’t mean it completely protect the skin. The sun still causes damage to people with darker skin. Top of that, it is not easy to tell if your skin is burning. As people think their dark skin safeguard them, they are likely to take fewer precautions when it comes to sun exposure and spend a long time in the sun more often. Such things can damage the skin. Besides, it is difficult to locate the sings of sunburn in the darker skin. So it I better if people with darker skin seek regular cancer screenings.
Any Sunscreen Can Protect You:
While sunscreen acts as a protective barrier for the skin against sun exposure, not all sunscreen lotions are effective. Topical sunscreens block ultraviolet rays, but they don’t filter UVA, causing skin damage when you spend more time in the sun. Similarly, the SPF rating of sunscreen only determines ultraviolet protection, not overall protection at all. The term “broad spectrum” is misleading as the amount of ultraviolet protection is not measured, and many sunscreens aren’t effective at blocking UVA rays.
Sunglasses are Optional:
Sunlight not only affects your skin but also takes a toll on your eyes. Over time, exposure to UV light increases the risk of cataracts, macular degeneration, decreased vision, and other eye problems. But the damaging effects of UV radiation aren’t just present in the summer or when it is sunny; sun exposure in the winter, cloudy condition and in the morning and evening can lead to eye problems. This is why you should wear sunglasses that come with complete UVA and UVB protection.
Sunscreen Hinders Your Tan:
Many people think that they can’t get tan due to the layer of sunscreen over the skin. While sunscreen protects the skin from most light rays, some will still reach to the skin. It simply means it is possible to be tanned while using sunscreen.
You are Safe in the Shade:
Yeah, you feel little to no sun in the shade. But what about those UV rays? UV rays reflect off the surfaces including snow, sand, and water. If you are amidst all these surfaces, you are more likely to absorb UV rays, despite having an overhead coverage.
So these are some myths about sunburn you shouldn’t believe anymore.