Here we have listed basic yet important information about complicated disease like psoriasis.
What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease which is triggered by unnatural growth of the skin. It is marked with the symptoms like reddish and scaly patches over the affected area caused by excessive skin productions. The affected area in this skin disease is ears, elbows, navel, knees, buttocks and genitals.
In psoriasis, a patient’s skin replacement process is higher and takes few days to replace skin cells that generally take two 3-4 weeks.
How to Tell If You Have Psoriasis?
- Red patches, bumps, plaques and silvery scales on the skin
- In kids, the common sign is small scaling spots
- Dry and cracked skin
- Intense Itching and burning sensation
- Yellowish brown separations of the nails
- Swollen and stiff joints
Is Psoriasis Infectious or Contagious?
No! Psoriasis is not infectious as it is an autoimmune disease. Therefore, it won’t pass from victim to other person.
Who Get Psoriasis?
According to American Academy of Dermatology, nearly 7.5 million people in the USA have psoriasis. The immune disease affects people of all gender and the age group. In some cases, the patient may get psoriatic arthritis that is associated with the skin condition.
The exact causes of Psoriasis are still unknown, however, environmental, hereditary and lifestyle factors are said to cause psoriasis. According to the recent study, psoriasis is caused when certain immune cells or T cells are overactive. The study further says that these T cells act as if they providing a protection against an infection or healing a wound, which makes them to produce inflammatory chemicals, again triggering the rapid growth of skin cells causing plaques to occur.
Here are some of the beliefs about the formation of psoriasis:
- Genetic causes
- Skin damages due to bruises, scrapes, bug bites, intense sunburns
- Certain Infections
- Medications including quinidine, indomethacin, lithium and antimalarials.
- Overweight or Obesity
How Psoriasis is treated?
Psoriasis is not curable. However, there are some treatments intended to prevent cells overgrowth and provide relief. Not one treatment is meant for all as each individual may have unique symptoms.
You may feel frustrated when you find treatment “useless”. However, it is essential that you visit your doctor more often to review your condition, and be honest (and hopeful) about your treatment. It also helps a physician to find out the suitable treatment for your condition.
A physician will prescribe you certain medications to ease your symptoms, including creams, gels, and ointments. Some of the common medications for psoriasis are topical corticosteroids, Vitamin D, Anthralin, Topical Retinoids, Coal Tar, Light Therapy and Oral Medications.
In case of severe psoriasis or your treatment doesn’t work, your GP would refer you to a dermatologist? At dermatologist, you can be treated with UV Light therapy, topical treatments and biologic treatment.
What are the Precautions for Psoriasis?
- Avoid taking stress as your body releases inflammation as an act to protect itself which aggravates your condition
- Take care of your skin and injuries
- Practice good hygiene
- Take a healthy diet