Scabies is an ailment of the skin caused by an infestation of small mites called Sarcoptes scabiei. These mites get burrowed in the skin, causing itchy rashes. These mites are so small that they cannot be seen through the naked eye. They become visible only under the microscope.
Anyone can get scabies at any age. Transmission can also happen from parents to children, particularly mother-to-infant. The problem of scabies is prevalent worldwide and the mite is transmitted by direct and prolonged skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies. The easiest way for scabies mites to transfer is through sexual contact.
A study published in Dermatologic Therapy reveals some of the factors giving birth to scabies. The factors are as mentioned below:
- poor hygiene
- poor nutritional status
Scabies, if left untreated, can become lethal with severe consequences. People with scabies need medical treatment to get rid of the mites. Many people switch to various ointments full of chemicals, carrying various side-effects to get rid of scabies but hardly have they got any sort of relief.
Nature is the best dermatologist and the remedies that nature will provide to treat scabies are very effective and fortunately, do not carry any sort of side-effects.
Duration of Scabies Mites
Scabies mites can live up to two months once they occupy some space on a person. But they can only live about 3 days without any human contact. Mites love the cold environment and hence live longer during colder conditions with a high level of humidity. As soon as they land on the human’s skin, you can expect the symptoms to begin within 3-6 weeks after infestation.
Scabies and Animals
Scabies mites spread by animals are different than those spread by humans. So, note that it is not at all possible to catch scabies from a dog or cat. The scabies mites that can infest pets are called as "mange." Mange mites are not usually harmful to humans and if spread to humans, they cannot survive or reproduce on human skin, hence die out on their own. So, if people come in contact with mange, they do not need any sort of treatment as symptoms will go away on its own.
Recommended precautions one can take
- An infected person should be treated as soon as possible, particularly those who come in contact with you frequently (sexual partners, children or infants).
- Keep your fingernails and toenails trimmed and in healthy condition. Clean any mites or eggs.
- Keep open sores clean.
- Be patient because once the treatment gets started, it may take few days for itching and other symptoms to get lessen. If it does not go away, consult a doctor.
- Thoroughly vacuum carpets, furniture, and car interiors. Use extra caution vacuuming after someone who has crusted mites, as these are more contagious. Discard the vacuum cleaner bags or clear out the dirt receptacle when done.
- Avoid scratching bumps or lesions.