Top 10 Contagious diseases


Despite so many technological advancements, we are still not able to get over some deadly diseases. Forget about the cure sometimes the origin of such disease is not known and therefore development of vaccinations against such disease is not possible. 

This is the agony of mankind as a large stratum of society gets perished every year due to these contagious diseases.


Below is a list of some deadly life-taking diseases. 


  1. Hepatitis A

    It is a deadly disease that screws up the liver. It spreads through unhygienic conditions especially through cooking in filthy conditions. Symptoms of Hepatitis A are fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite and jaundice. There is no sure short treatment or this disease. 

    But yes of course you can get yourself immunized against this disease by the Hepatitis A vaccination that has its affect on the immune system for 15 days.


    • Maintain good hygiene as much as possible.
    • Don’t drink liquids of unknown purity and prefer filtered water.
    • Wash the vegetables and fruits properly and peel them before consuming.
    • Vaccination is must.
    • Don’t eat raw meat or fish.

    Hepatitis A

  2. Malaria

    Every year so many people get infected with this contagious disease and some unfortunate ones even lose their lives. It is caused by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. After the malarial parasite enters your body it attacks liver and multiples there itself.

    Later on it even enters blood vessels and affects the red blood corpuscles. Fever, shivering, convulsions and vomiting are some of the symptoms of malaria.


    • Disinfect homes, offices with mosquito repellant sprays.
    • Wear full-sleeved clothes especially during rainy seasons
    • Use of permethrin for washing clothes and bed-netting can be beneficial.
    • Don’t let water to stand for a long time as this can become the breeding place for mosquitoes.
    • Clean your water tanks on regular basis.


  3. Polio

    Polio or infantile paralysis is a viral infection caused by the polio virus. It is also known by the name poliomyelitis which affects the nervous system. Children below 5 years are most vulnerable to this disease.

    It gets transferred through fecal matter. People living in low hygiene areas with almost zero-access to running water are more likely to get affected with it. Consumption of water which is contaminated by human waste leads to polio. The symptoms of polio are headache, fever, discomfort and a sore throat.


    • Vaccination of children below 5 years
    • Consumption of safe drinking water
    • Maintenance of hygiene


  4. AIDS

    AIDS short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by HIV that is human immune Virus. The virus targets the immune system and reduces the body’s ability to fight back even a small infection. There is no as such cure for AIDS.

    AIDS is transferred through physical intimacy with a person that includes oral, anal or vaginal sex. It even occurs during blood transfusions or repetitive use of used needles.

    Excessive weight loss, diarrhea, yeast infections and tiredness are some of the symptoms of AIDS.


    • Use sterile injections
    • Don’t use same drug equipments
    • Use condoms while you have oral, vaginal or anal sex.


  5. Tuberculosis

    One-third of the world’s population is infected with the tuberculosis. The tuberculosis bacteria attack the lungs resulting into chest pain, coughing that continues to get worse till three weeks. It also causes loss of appetite and weight leading to fatigue.

    It is a communicable disease which gets transferred through direct contact, coughing and sneezing.


    • BCG is a vaccine for preventing tuberculosis.
    • Cover your mouth while you travel to unhygienic areas
    • If you come in contact with a patient of TB, start your treatment right away.


  6. Rabies

    Rabies is not so common toady as people are more aware now. But still this disease has affected many people some hundred years back before a vaccination for it was introduced. Today also some 50,000 rabies deaths happen due to this every year .This illness targets the nervous system and inculcates hydrophobia in people.

    This is generally caused by the bite of an infected animal which has aforementioned delusions. Some of the symptoms include pain at the site of bite, headache, fever and depression.


    • Vaccinations of dogs and cats and even your pets.
    • Stay away from stray animals.

  7. Cholera

    Cholera is a diarrheal disease whose causal organism is the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae. It can infect anyone who intakes contaminated food or water.

    Lack of proper treatment can even lead to death from cholera. Symptoms include loss of excessive liquids from the body. Rehydration treatment should be immediately started after the loss of liquid begins.


    • Washing vegetables and fruits properly
    • Consume boiled or filtered water
    • Maintain personal hygiene

  8. Influenza

    It is commonly also called as flu caused by the RNA viruses that belong to the family of influenza virus. Influenza sometimes results into pneumonia especially in children and can become life-taking. Symptoms include headache, coughing and weakness.


    • Avoid going to over-crowded places
    • Maintain your personal hygiene
    • Use a handkerchief while coughing or sneezing

  9. Measles

    Measles generally happens during the childhood period. It is one of the most common contagious diseases that get transmitted through breath. If one person in the home gets infested with it, it is likely to infect everybody in the home. It results into runny nose, red eyes and red spots throughout the body.

    But if you are once infected with measles you get immune for a lifetime.


    • Get everybody in your house vaccinated against this
    • Stay away from a person suffering from it

  10. Leprosy

    Leprosy is also known as Hansen’s disease caused by Mycobacterium Leprae. These bacteria affect the nerves and resulting into discoloration and deformation of limbs.

    It develops in unsanitary and poor living conditions.


    • Stay away from people suffering from leprosy
    • Maintain hygiene

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