Here, we have listed some common medications being prescribed for psoriasis by your physician.
Moisturizers and Emollients
Moisturizers are widely prescribed to treat psoriasis and are available at pharmacies and supermarkets, besides being prescribed by a physician. Moisturizers are useful for psoriasis as they minimize the dryness, scaling, soreness, itching and cracking which are the common signs of this skin condition. Apart from that, applying moisturizer makes skin more comfortable. It also makes other ointments like vitamin D or tar to be easily absorbed by the skin. Make sure to choose the moisturizer which you feel good on your skin or the one you are using on the regular basis.
Vitamin D-based Topical
The extract of vitamin D is used in gel, lotion, ointment and scalp lotions. Vitamin D is beneficial for psoriasis as it enhances the normal skin cell growth while slowing down the excessive growth rate. Your physician may prescribe several Vitamins’ D derivatives like Calcipotriol (Dovonex), Tacalcitol (Curatoderm) and Calcitriol (Silkis). Since they are not steroids, they are ideal for long term use.
Topical steroids are counted among one of the efficient treatments for the patients having the 5% of their skin covered by psoriasis. They are easy to use and you can get improvement in a shorter time frame. But you should not use them for a long, as they can cause skin thinning while making you vulnerable to flare ups. This is why you must see your physician regularly so that he can monitor the treatment’s progress and suggest you when to stop. Generally, a GP prescribes topical steroids like Eumovate, Betnovate and Dermovate. Always follow your doctor’s advice or read the guidelines on the pack before using topical steroids.
Coal Tar is the traditional treatment for psoriasis, especially in scalp psoriasis. Exorex or Psoriderm is the common tar preparations for the scalp and body. There are many preparations available in shampoos and bathing lotions for specific scalp applications. Modern tar preparations are not that sticky or smell as they are refined and processed.
Vitamin A Topical:
Vitamin A topical like Tazarotene (Zorac) is widely used to minimize the plaques of psoriasis for up to 12 weeks. However, they should not be used on the unaffected skin, the face, or to get it in the eyes. After applying vitamin A based topical, you must avoid direct sun exposure as the skin is sensitive to UV light during this treatment.
Like coal tar, dithranol is the conventional treatment for psoriasis which was used by medical staff in hospitals. However, it is not easy for people to use it themselves at home as they are messy and time taking. Dithranol is ideal treatment for the large accumulation of the plaques over affected area. It should not be used on the sensitive areas like face, skin folds or the genitals.
Although they are available at OTC counter, you must consult your doctor before using them.
So, these are some of the common medications being prescribed by a doctor for psoriasis. Always follow your doctor’s guideline before using them.