Eczema is a skin inflammation and causes dry skin with intense itching. Here we have explained the types of eczema.
According to one study, nearly 35 million Americans have eczema, including 1-3% of adults, and 10-20% of kids. 70% of cases are associated with the kids younger than 5 years old, and nearly 60% of infants who have eczema are likely to have one or more signs in adulthood.
Eczema is a chronic skin condition being characterized with inflammation, dry, reddish and itchy skin. Eczema may vary from mild forms, when patch of skin are dry, itchy and rash like, to severe forms, when the skin patches are irritated, often causing cracked and oozing. Eczema is stressful and frustrating disease, and can make your routine life uncomfortable and challenging. The frequent itch can trouble your sleep and lead to days off from work. The affected kids may have to miss school.
Eczema is not infectious, meaning that you can’t catch it from the patient. Although the exact cause of eczema is still unknown, scientists have found that eczema may be triggered by genes and environmental triggers.
There are several types of eczema. While itching and redness are common symptoms, some may cause your skin to peel, blister or weep. It is possible to have more than one type of eczema at a time.
It is important to understand which type you may have and also your signs, so that you can manage it. However, any kind of eczema or lookalike condition should be seen by your physician.
Contact eczema can be categorized into allergic and irritant. Allergic eczema is caused by coming into the contact of allergen while irritant contact appears from a direct reaction to chemicals or shampoo/soap. Sometimes it may be caused by metal dials of the watch on your hand.
Irritant eczema is common and is responsible for most of the contact cases.
Xerotic is the form of eczema which is characterized by dry and flaky patches on legs, arms, and core area. Generally, xerotic eczema occurs in winter when the environment has low humidity. It causes intense itching that is worse on the shins and arms. Xerotic Eczema is caused by hot showers, baths with harsh soaps, losing moisture, and living in over-heated homes during winters with less humidity.
Generally, Atopic dermatitis occurs in early childhood or in infants and likely to affect the people having long family history of atopic eczema. It appears as the rashes with intense itching on elbows, neck, scalp, bend of the knees, buttocks and head. It is treated with the topical ointments and emollients to prevent dryness and reduce itching. To prevent the secondary infections, a physician may prescribe topical or oral antibiotics.
Seborrhoeic Eczema is the common type of eczema that mainly occurs on the face and scalp. Sometime, it is linked with psoriasis. Although the reasons of seborrhoeic eczema haven’t been clear yet, it is associated with oily skin, family history, immunosuppression, neurological and psychiatric disease.
There are two types of seborrhoeic eczema—Infantile seborrhoeic, which affect the age group of 6-12 months; and Adult seborrhoeic which is found in adults. It is more common in males than in females.
You must have understood some major types of eczema. For mild symptoms, you can use topical ointment like Dr. Scabies to get relief from itch and rashes. See your doctor in case of intense symptoms. Also take care of your skin and follow the precautions.
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