Sarcoptic mange is a contagious skin disease that is caused by the Sarcoptes scabies mite.
Mites are not insect,s but kind of parasites with eight legs. They are microscopic and cannot be seen by the naked eye.
The Scabies mites that cause the infection in humans are from the same family. The mites that cause the infection in humans is called ‘Human Scabies’ and the one in dogs is called ‘Mange.’
1. About Adult Sarcoptes Scabiei Mites
The mites can survive for three to four weeks inside the skin of the host. The females keep burrowing inside the skin and keep laying eggs in the tunnels. The eggs hatch in about ten days and the larvae that hatches attaches itself to the hair follicle. The adults move towards the surface, mate and the cycle begins all over again.
2. The First Symptoms
The mites cause the animal to itch very badly and the allergic reaction that is created in response to the eggs is massive. The animal looks very uncomfortable and tries to scratch his body all over.
3. Common Locations For Infection
In a dog the mites prefer areas that have less hair, in order to penetrate inside the skin. The flaps of the ear, elbows and abdomen are at the most risk for this infection. Very soon the whole body gets infected and the hair starts falling out.
4. Infections in Humans
The mites might travel from the dogs to the humans, but they cannot cause much damage. The most they do is create an itch that goes away in a few days. They cannot survive on the human body.