Why Do You Itch? Common Causes of Itching

Itching is one of the common signs in most of the skin conditions like allergies, eczema, scabies and infections. It is very common and we all have experienced it. Itching can be mild and can be intense like in scabies or in psoriasis. According to Wikipedia, itching “is a sensation that causes the desire or reflex to scratch”. If you have rashes, dry skin, blisters and flaky scalp, you feel that sensation to scratch. Most itching is treatable and don’t cause serious health problem.

Here we have listed the common causes of itching:

Skin Diseases:

Itching is the common symptom in most of the skin conditions such as:

  • Dry Skin

Dry skin is the condition when your skin lacks moisture and natural oils, causing flakes, peeling and cracks. Therefore, you have a strong urge to itch.

  • Eczema:

In eczema, your skin is characterized with dry, red and flaky symptoms.

  • Psoriasis:

Psoriasis is an auto-immune health condition marked with itching and patches.

  • Urticaria:

Also known as hives, it is triggered by allergen and causes red itchy rashes.

  • Dandruff:

It leaves white or grey flakes of dead skin on the scalp or hair and cause itching.

Allergies and Skin Reactions:

Besides skin conditions, itching is also caused by allergies and skin reactions like environmental factor, irritant and allergen.

  • Using cosmetics which components are not suitable for your skin.
  • Jewelry types like cobalt and nickel.
  • Coming into contact with plants like daffodils, tulips and sunflowers which can cause allergy.
  • Food or medication
  • Prickly heat which is an itchy rashes developing in hot and humid weather
  • Sunburn

Parasites and insects

Several pests or mites are also responsible for itching

  • Scabies mites dig deep into your skin layers and cause scabies
  • Pubic lice, head lice and body lice
  • Stings and insect bites
  • Parasites being responsible for STI

Several Infections Also Cause Itching

  • Chickenpox  or viral infection
  • Fungal infection
  • Ringworm
  • Vaginal thrush

Other Medical Conditions:

  • Hemorrhoids (piles) 
  • Thyroid
  • Anemia
  • Polycythaemia 
  • Live diseases and liver cancer
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause

How to Treat Itching?

Itching can be treated with topical ointments, body lotions and moisturizers. Some of the anti-itch creams are camphor, menthol, phenol, benzocaine, diphenhydramine and pramoxine. You must see your physician if itching is due to the unknown reasons.

How to Take Care of Your Itching?

Besides using medications or lotions, you should follow these precautions:

  • Use moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated
  • Don’t scratch as it can worse your skin condition
  • Avoid using perfumed soaps, detergents, and perfumes
  • Take a cool (if possible) when you feel intense itching.

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