Scabies is itchy mites that can infest any skin type. The dermatologic condition occurs because of the microscopic adult female mite. On looking through the microscope, it looks like a round creepy insect with eight legs, and brown spines and bristles. The skin condition can be easily treated with prescribed topical and oral medications, you only have to aware of its early symptoms and available treatments.
How you get scabies?
Landing onyour specific body part; the female mite burrows the crust underneath the outer layer of your skin, with in only 30 minutes, without being get noticed. Every day she can burrow into your skin ¼ inch horizontally. Along the way, it lays her little oval eggs, and also leave many tiny body residuals. She survives more than a month underneath your skin and then dies within the burrows.
It’s not the end,laid eggs hatch within 3-5 days, and reach maturity in 2-3 weeks. They mate, as soon as they find partners, and then each pregnant female mite starts making new burrows for their expected eggs to travel freely and survive under your skin. The procedure goes on and on. The egg larvae and mite’s body residual move through the burrows and spread across the body or person to person by a close physical contact. If not being treated on time, the condition can cause you adverse skin problems.
Itching and rashes are the most common symptoms of scabies, can be experience after 3 or 4 weeks of its initial stage. Sometimes, these symptoms can take up to one month to appear in a healthy human being. However, symptoms appear comparatively faster in a person with weak immune system.
Immunocompromised people can also get Norwegian or crusted scabies, an adverse form of scabies develops thick grey-colored crusts of skin contains thousands of mites and eggs. The condition is highly contagious and require special type of oral medications. It spreads in the same way as normal scabies does. You should not scratch your rashes, as continuous scratching can create highly infected sores, and make your condition adverse for you.
There are numbers of topical and oral medications available in the market for the treatment. A doctor willprescribe you one seeing the complexity in your case.
- Mite killer cream (Elimite) and Crotamiton cream/lotion (Eurax) are the most common medications for the purpose.
- Lindane lotion is another chemical treatment, usually prescribed to people who didn’t get relief from mite killer or Crotamiton. It only can be applied once in a two days only on affected skin area.
- Ivermectin (Stromectol) is the most common oral medication only prescribed to immunocompromised people and people with crusted scabies symptoms.
How long does scabies last after treatment?
The infection can last until treated. Your condition will be no more contagious within 24 hours of treatment, as the medications kill mites and their eggs quickly and permanently. The whole condition takes up to 2 weeks to settle properly.
Even after the successful treatment; dead mite’s residuals, dead eggs and fecal material remain in the skin for 3-4 weeks (until the new skin grows back). Thus, it is possible to experience intense itching after the treatment too. To ease serve itching, a doctor will prescribe you antihistamines topical steroid creams or moisturizers. Sometimes, antibiotics are required, if scratching results in complex sore and bacterial infection.
If even after treatment, rash continues to spread or itching persists for longer than 2-4 weeks, then reassessment retreatment of the case will be necessary.