Do you know rashes on any part of your body can be due to several reasons? They may develop when the skin feels irritated by allergic reactions to bacteria, viruses, foods, metals, and other factors. Read on to know more about different rashes and common symptoms.
One of the most common reasons behind the frequent visits of parents of small children to the doctor is Rashes. While in most cases, rashes do not indicate a dreadful condition, in some cases they do.
If your child has good health and doesn’t show any other symptom, the rashes are believed to be temporary. Even most of the time, rashes disappear without treatment. However, if the rash is accompanied by high grade fever, difficulty in breathing, vomiting, or reduced general health, you should take your child to a doctor. One type of rash can have various causes. So, let the doctor evaluate your rash type by determining what the rash looks like, how many and how big the marks are, how widespread it is, how long the rash has been present, and whether it is itchy.
Types of Rashes
The most common rash is hives which is caused due to allergic reactions. These are an extremely itchy rash that consists of raised large welts on body surface, often circular with a pale center. These can develop as a result of allergic reactions from medicines, viral infections, foods, or insect stings and bites. The rash spreads all over the body and usually lasts for three to four days before vanishing.
Scabies is a skin infection caused by the itch mite. The female mite burrows into the skin and lay eggs. Babies can contract scabies on their palms and soles of their feet. Scabies cause intense itching leading to the formation of sores, blisters, scabs, and the possibility of secondary bacterial infection. Sometimes, it is possible to observe tiny gray burrows in the skin created by the mite. Scabies is quite contagious, so prompt treatment by your physician is highly recommended.
Lice are insects that lay eggs while attached to the hairs of the head. Intense itching is caused when the eggs of the lice hatch after three weeks. Lice are commonly found on the hairline, on the neck, and behind the ears, and they can be seen using a magnifying glass. Although lice are quite contagious, it is important to remember that they do not cause any disease. Proper treatment will prevent the spread of lice to other children.
Warts are a common viral skin disease in children. There are several types and they can be found either individually or in clusters affecting the fingers, hands, and feet. Most warts have a hard, rough surface and are slightly bumped on the surface of skin. However, warts on the sole of the foot are pressed flat by body weight. These tend to vanish on their own without any cure, but they may return.
There are three common types of eczema:
Atopic dermatitis is chronic skin rash affecting children in families with a history of allergies. These rashes are usually dry and itchy and the skin becomes red, scaly and irritated. Continuous scratching may lead to breaks in the skin that can cause secondary infection and scarring.
Seborrhea, also known as seborrheic dermatitis affects children under age 2 but usually infants up to 3 months. While the cause is unknown, it is believed to be a disturbance in the skin's ability to produce sebaceous matter and sweat. The rash isn’t particularly itchy but is dry, red, and slightly flaky. Seborrhea usually affects the face, neck, chest, folds of skin, and the diaper area. This rash generally disappears after a few months.
Contact dermatitis occurs when certain substances, like nickel, creams, cosmetics, and detergents agitate the skin and cause a hypersensitivity reaction. The skin becomes red, occasionally giving rise to raised papules in the affected skin areas. The rash is often itchy but may also be moist with blisters.
In all the above types, proper care is a must and in some cases like Eczema and scabies, proper treatment is a must.